Cacheu | Guinea Bissau


As part of the creation of the Integrated Agricultural Platform of Calequisse, a survey of the existing conditions of the village was carried out and a preliminary study was proposed that aims to respond to short, medium and long-term needs.

The village of Calequisse is located in the region of Cacheu, developing along an intersection of two streets, with a north-south orientation, between Canchungo - Porto do Rio Calaque (a tributary of the Rio Pecau) and with an east orientation. west, between the locations Praia de Cachalame - neighboring villages of Beni, Chanto and Manal.

The altitude varies between 18 m and 25 m over a length of about 3 km.

The village is located 2 km northeast of the Port of Rio Calaque, 11 km east of Praia de Cachalame and 90 km northwest of the country's capital, Bissau, and the nearest airport called Osvaldo Vieira International Airport.

The Calequisse sector does not have a consolidated road network. The soil is compacted in some areas by social interaction or the daily journey of its inhabitants. The territory remains little modified, in which the buildings, the tree structure and the marks on the ground stand out.
In general, the population is dedicated to agricultural activity, giving a composition to the landscape, with cultivated fields and cattle grazing freely around the village.

The survey consisted of an assessment of the habitability conditions of public buildings, verifying in some cases that they are not suitable to be inhabited. The survey is divided into the following categories: Administration, Education, Health and Housing. A survey of Support Infrastructures was also prepared, namely road network, electrical/photovoltaic network, water supply network, waste water drainage network, rainwater drainage network and telecommunications network.

The proposal foresees the demolition of buildings that do not meet the conditions of habitability, the expansion of existing buildings, the construction of new buildings integrated in the categories presented above and also in new categories such as Religion, Culture, Sport, Commerce and Services.

With regard to Support Infrastructures, the proposal is divided into two actions: the first is limited to the structure of traffic routes for vehicles and pedestrians, and the second refers to an intervention in the public space.

Regarding the first action, the solution involves proposing two street profile scenarios in order to adjust to the existing tree structure. The intention will be to integrate the trees in the new sidewalks, keeping these urban elements fundamental for the existence of shading.

The second action refers to the creation of an urban space module, which can be implemented individually or in multiplication, with the intention of providing urban quality and enhancing social interaction in the vicinity of some of the public buildings.